How to Smoke a Hookah - Hookah Charcoal and Heat Management

As a veteran in the hookah industry, I have tested and tried an extremely wide variety of hookah products (we're always running tests and experiments to find the best hookah supplies) and hookah troubleshooting tips to smoke a perfect bowl of shisha. I take as much pride in my hookah smoking abilities as I do in my hookah teaching abilities, and would like to share both by starting a blog series on how to smoke a hookah. Today's blog focuses on heat management. Though the top of the hookah today may be one of the most neglected parts when smoking a hookah, it can be one of the most influential parts of the hookah smoking experience. For those of you that don't know, a hookah is heated by hookah charcoal. Some hookah charcoals are easier to light and arrange than others, but they all serve one common purpose: to heat a hookah bowl. Heat management and maintaining the heat transfer is the key to gaining the perfect hookah smoke. A common misconception about hookahs concerns the burning of the tobacco. When smoking a hookah, you are never trying to burn the hookah tobacco, you're merely trying to evaporate and vaporize all the honeys and sugars in which the shisha tobacco is marinated in. Thus the reason for using charcoal instead of an open flame (as with smoking cigarettes or a cigar). This also explains why the spent hookah tobacco is still in the hookah bowl, unlike cigarette or cigar tobacco burned to ash. Another example of this method of tobacco smoking can be seen in Eclipse Cigarettes. If I remember correctly, these cigarettes contain a small carbon (charcoal) rod running down the middle of the cigarette. The tobacco is soaked in glycerin and, once the carbon rob is ignited, it evaporates the glycerin off of the tobacco. When smoking this cigarettes you are ideally getting no tobacco smoke, just vaporization. The nicotine is still transferred to the smoker though because the glycerin acts as a transfer agent and pulls the nicotine out of the tobacco in the vaporization transfer. That is essentially the same concept of what is happening when you are smoking a hookah. You are ideally only vaporizing the shisha tobacco and that is why the smoke is smoother. You are still extracting nicotine and other things out of the tobacco though, so that is why some people still get the nicotine buzz when they smoke a hookah. Typically, I have found that cigarette smokers don't get as much of the nicotine buzz. It may be worth noting that there is the potential for health concerns with all forms of smoking, those who choose to smoke can learn the optimal way to serve a hookah on our HookahLove blog. In essence, how a hookah works is based on vaporization: not burning. When you smoke a hookah, the hookah should always be totally sealed. This way, the top of your hookah bowl is the only entrance for air when you pull on the hookah. When charcoal is at a standing state, it is much less hot than when it is being blown on, or in the case of a hookah, when air is being sucked from above the hookah bowl past the hookah charcoal, and through your hookah and hookah hose. For best results, you'd like the hookah charcoal to rest at a cooler temperature when the hookah isn't in use, and heating up to simmer the tobacco when one pulls air through the hose (and over the coal). The type of charcoal you use can greatly impact your ability to properly manage the heat of your hookah bowl. My favorite hookah charcoal is undeniably the natural wood charcoal (especially lemon wood charcoal like Romman Lemon Wood Charcoal). Although it takes more effort to ignite and requires more attention than quick-light charcoal, once you get it going it is simple to use. The reason I like natural wood charcoal is because it is much more porous than other charcoal. You can tell this by the simple fact that it weighs less per mass than other compacted charcoal. Other hookah charcoal, like quick-light charcoal, is compact and dense. Having a porous charcoal allows for the charcoal to sit at a lower temperature in its standing (resting) state, and then raise to a higher temperature when you pull through your hookah. I believe that the glycerin and other sugars in the shisha have a lower flash point (the temperature at which an element combusts) than tobacco. So ideally you only want to smoke and thus vaporize the shisha tobacco at the exact point below which the tobacco leaves in your shisha tobacco will start burning. This must be accomplished by never having too much charcoal (and thus heat) on your hookah bowl. That is why when you put too much charcoal, your hookah bowl starts to burn and you see a steady stream of smoke coming out of the top of your hookah bowl. Too much heat, and thus too many leaves are burning. So, how exactly does natural wood charcoal differ from compacted charcoal? The main fact is that its standing temperature is at a lower heat level than other compressed charcoal. So when you are not pulling on your hookah (as I am while typing this sentence) your hookah bowl is not overheating and thus not burning. Have you ever seen smoke rising from the hookah bowl when you're not drawing on a hose? That is a telltale sign of excess heat and burning shisha. This is caused either with simply having too much charcoal on your bowl at once and/or pulling too frequently from your hookah and raising the temperature of your hookah bowl above the point at which the tobacco leaves in your hookah tobacco then start to burn. ** Hookah Tip: To solve this common problem, I will typically take the charcoal off of the hookah bowl since its resting state has now reached a temperature that is too high. I will then let the hookah bowl cool down or to speed up the process I will take the bowl off the hookah, cup my hands around the bottom (since the top is scorching hot) and blow through the bottom of the hookah bowl. This is an old technique that Middle Eastern hookah lounges and hookah cafes use when they are replenishing a hookah that has too little charcoal or that has gotten too hot and is thus starting to burn. ** Glyercin boils at a temperature of 290 degrees Celsius and the flavoring used in hookah tobacco is around that temperature if not less. If you have access to a temperature gage - such as my thermocouple - you'll notice the hookah charcoal on your bowl will be around 320-350 degrees when pulling/smoking your hookah and will drop to around 250-300 (depending on the charcoal you are using and how much). From my observations (just simple fun observations I have made while smoking my hookah), the natural wood charcoals standing state is on the lower end of the scale, while compressed charcoal is at the higher end. When smoking from the hookah, both rise to the 320-350 degrees which allows for the evaporation of the glycerin and minimal or no burning of the tobacco leaf (in fact, some studies show that some cigarettes burn at upwards of 800 degrees). When you then stop smoking your hookah, the temperature will fall back to the 250-280 degrees (if you have the proper amount of lemon wood charcoal. And this is where the lemon wood or other natural wood charcoal has its advantage. Romman Lemonwood charcoal has an estimated standing state of 250-280 degrees while compacted charcoal standing state is 270-300 degrees. Both have 320-350 degrees of smoking state (the state at which air is passing over it and thus heating up the charcoal. These numbers can be affected greatly by the amount of hookah coal that is on the bowl and the type of hookah bowl you are using. Typically a clay or ceramic bowl always has a lower temperature than a metal bowl (metal conducts heat like crazy but has the advantage of not breaking). Using foil vs. a screen also can have an affect. The foil/screen is supposed to act as a heat barrier to prevent too much heat from contacting the hookah tobacco. Foil works better due to having a thinner barrier that dispels heat at a faster rate than a screen. Plus, the ability to have smaller holes and thus better control the amount of heat entering your hookah bowl allows for you to have more control on what your resting and your smoking state temperature is at. Hookah Tip: Never fill the hookah tobacco to the top of your hookah bowl. By having a space in between you are creating a space for heat to dissipate easier and are also preventing the hookah tobacco from ever having direct contact with your hookah charcoal. By allowing the temperature of your hookah bowl to fall below the boiling point of the glycerin, you are preserving your smoke producing ingredient as well as flavor. Thus gaining the best hookah smoke you ever had out of your hookah with the most smoke and most flavor on every puff. Look for our future posts on the essence of shisha tobacco as well as specific instructions on how to properly use your hookah charcoals.

Comments (54) -

  • When I smoke my hookah in my house, it constantly makes my carbon monoxide detector go off. Why does it do this? Also how can i stop this, my parents are going to stop letting me smoke in my house and its way to cold outside.
  • John: Carbon Monoxide is a bi-product of the hookah charcoal you are using. It is also found in the actual smoke you are producing when smoking your hookah. What charcoal are you using? Quick-Light or Natural Coals? Also, be sure to light your charcoal outdoors if you can. I know that a lot of carbon monoxide is released when it is first being lit. In fact, you will typically always want to wait until your hookah charcoal is entirely lit (no black on it) and surrounded by a thin layer of ash before using the charcoal. You then know that your charcoal is fully lit and ready to smoke on your hookah. Otherwise you are smoking the carbon monoxide and other stuff that is being lit while it is still black.

    If you are already doing all of the above, I would try and switch hookah charcoal to a cleaner burning brand or kind.

    I have also heard that some people use the" rel="nofollow">Heba Smoke Diffuser to decrease carbon monoxide levels by creating more bubbles in your water and thus having more surface area for the smoke to touch the water and thus allowing it to filter more. I personally use a Heba Diffuser no matter what since it makes smoking your hookah much smoother. I'll talk more about that when I get to the base of the hookah in a future How to Smoke a Hookah series.

    One last thing I would try is use if you think it is coming from your charcoal is use an"  rel="nofollow">Ultimate Combo Hookah Lid Bowl or you could use a" rel="nofollow">hookah wind cover. What this will do is allow you to use half as much charcoal. The Ultimate Combo Bowl or a wind cover traps the heat in near the bowl, thus requiring about half as much charcoal and thus (if the charcoal is what is causing your carbon monoxide detector to go off) you have much less charcoal that could be causing any problems.

    Try those Hookah Tips out (or use them anyways to get a better hookah smoke) and tell us how things went and if it solved your problem.
  • Thanks for the tips. I Will try using them asap.
  • Hey, this is gonna sound stupid, but can you give step by step directions for lighting the natural coals? I see "throw them on the stove" everywhere, but that doesn't mean much to me. I have an electric stove at school, what do I do?
  • Oleh,

    Not a stupid question at all. In fact people as us all the time. In fact, I am making another blog as we speak about the ways to light and smoke from natural hookah charcoal. In the meantime, here are some quick Hookah Tips:
    - When smoking your natural coals, be sure to fully burn the charcoal before using it. Meaning, make sure it is red hot all around or at much as you can get it. I typically flip it twice when on an electric stove.
    - Place the hookah charcoal directly onto the stove coils so that he gets REALLY hot. You want it to get as hot as you can so that it burns to the core.
    - When the charcoal is red hot or close to it, I will typically place it in a charcoal holder or a pan of sorts and push it up against other natural charcoal and let it sit outside. That way, the hookah charcoal are feeding off of each other's heat and they are lighting up together. This is a great way to add more un-lit charcoal and not have to light it up on a stove. When working with natural charcoal, I typically light more than I need because it is designed to burn much faster than quick-light charcoal.
    - If you don't want to put it on the stove coils and or don't have a charcoal holder, you can use an old frying pan and put the coal in their. That takes a lot longer and it can depend on your pot/stove. It does work though, and the advantage is that it also doubles as a hookah charcoal holder. The problem is that it is scorching hot and you can't really put it anywhere after it is done heating.
    - And finally, if you are indoors, I will typically use a vent. I will also watch the charcoal because occasionally you can get a piece that I like the call a "smoker". You will know it when you see it. It is a piece that gives of an exceptionally larger amount of smoke than other hookah charcoal. I believe you can get a "smoker" for one of two reasons. Either it is not the same wood as you are using and might be remnants of another piece of wood being used or it is a natural wood charcoal piece that has residue from other things like leaves or other wood. If you are outdoors, they are no problem and will eventually burn away all the "smoker" elements to it, but when it is indoors, it can make your place smell like a campfire or set off your smoke detector really quick.

    Hope this helps...
  • I would like to know how to smoke  Hookah Correctly....
    i've tried but i think its not right!!!

    I know it sounds stupid... but i honestly want to learn!
  • thanks much, man
  • I dont have bricks to lite the hookah, is there something else that I can use?
  • Well, well. I learned a thing or 2. Thanks for the artical.
  • [...] After you’ve checked to ensure your hookah is air tight, the other reason could be that you don’t have enough charcoals on your clay bowl. Be sure to keep the charcoal around the edge of the hookah bowl. You want to be sure not to burn your hookah bowl though. Read about proper How to smoke hookah with hookah charcoal and proper heat management. [...]
  • [...] Natural coals are the cleanest way to smoke shisha and will let the flavor of your shisha really shine. The easiest way to light these coals is on an electric stove with an exposed heating coil. You can set your natural coals directly on the heating element and turn the burner on, turning the coals after 2 or 3 minutes. You will know the coals are ready when there is no “black” on the surface of the coals and they are completely covered in gray ash and glowing red-hot in the middle. This process usually takes about 5 minutes. If you do not have an electric stove, or you would like to know about an alternate method of lighting these coals, read this HookahLove post on how to smoke a hookah with proper hookah charcoal heat management. [...]
  • does the size of the bowl improve the flavor of the tobacco???
  • Sounds silly but can I use campfire coals?   I usually use my hooka camping and I didn't know if there would be side effects like being too hot or tasting funny?  

  • Perk, to answer your question, it probably wouldn't be a good idea to use any other coals besides natural, clean-burning coals produced specifically for hookah smoking.  Campfire coals may contain unknown substances that may make your shisha taste bad or even make you sick.
  • Thank God I've finally found a truely competent person who konws exactly what they are doing.
  • I have a 19" Mya hookah with a phunnel bowl, a scallis mod, and a nammor hose.  I've generally been using quick lite coals since I am still a complete beginner, and they are a lot easier.  Whenever I smoke I usually use two coals on my bowl, and I've heard that this is what a majority of the people do.  I usually have no smoke rising from the bowl, and I also rarely get a burnt taste from the shisha.  However, when I am cleaning up afterwards I notice that the shisha is black.  Does this mean that I have burnt it, and if so what should I do to solve the problem?

    P.S. I have also tried using only one coal and one and a half coals, but I never recieve a decent amount of smoke.
  • Ryan,

    If it is smoking well, don't worry about it being burnt. Technically a part of it is being burnt, but it such a small amount that it won't affect the flavor or smoke. It is a constant game of balancing between too much hookah heat or too little. You seem to have a good balance though.
  • Campfire coals are also actually ok, however as long as they are from real natural wood vs. something you bought from a store. For example, BBQ cooking coals are not good for a hookah. But if you  use some wood off the ground for a fire and you use that to smoke your hookah with, then you are good to go. Those are some of the best hookah smoking experiences cause you have an long lasting supply of natural wood charcoal. Smile Typically though the various woods you will find are not as good as the hookah charcoals typically sold for smoking the hookah because they are either too porous or too dense. If it is too porous, it will have too wide of a variance of heat, if too dense it will be light quick-light coals or other compressed wood coals. But it is a lot of fun to try! And a hookah is a great accessory to have while camping.
  • I understand that most bowls can hold 20-30 grams but if I want to smoke by myself, will I be sacrificing flavor and smoke quality if I load the bowl up only halfway, leaving a greater gap between the coal and the shishah?
  • Hello, I have a large, 34" or so hookah.
    It is three hoses, but i only use 1 most of the time and have the other two blocked off with stoppers.
    I have the basic black round coals.
    I was wondering how i could make the hookah smoke thicker? It has been faily weak.
    Should i put more tabacco in the bowl?

    Thanks so much.
  • Weak smoke? I bought my first one today and from trial and error i found that foil sucks, dont pack the tobacco or whatever your smoking down too much, heat your charcoal all the way through. I found at first was putting way too much water in which stopped more smoke from filling the base and with the charcoal heated thru the second time around was definitely more enjoyable!
  • As you say-
    "Hookah Tip: Never fill the hookah tobacco to the top of your hookah bowl. By having a space in between you are creating a space for heat to dissipate easier and are also preventing the hookah tobacco from ever having direct contact with your hookah charcoal."

    How large of a space between the foil and shisha is optimal? thanks for the great info!
  • I have a question, I work from home and I have a smoke detector right above my desk.  I was wondering if I smoked hookah inside while I am working will the smoke set off the smoke detector?
  • When using natural coal versus self lighting, can you use a torch lighter to burn the coal instead of the stove?
  • apl
    Any suggestions for lighting natural coals other than an electric stove?  I have a gas stove at home.  Do you think I can place the coals on the burner on a piece of foil?  (I cannot place directly on the burner as the gaps are too large).

    I considered going to a garage sale and finding a cheap single burner plug-in unit.  This would work fine, no?
  • I have a new hookah, I am pretty familiar with the hookah but not a new one that hasnt been used.  I have the quick lite coals which I have used and seems to not be doing the trick.  When I breathed in to try to get the air ciruclating I have taken quite the motuh full of coal taste. which has left me quite dizzy and light headed.  How do I stop this and make the coal more efficent?
  • If I have a glass top stove can I heat the coals on it?
  • I have a ceramic bowl, and when i light the charcoal, no smoke comes out when i take a hit, is it because i didnt use foil or because i didnt put water in the thing???
  • Korl,

    You must but water in the base of your hookah in order to smoke. Make sure the stem to bowl is airtight, and depending on how large your bowl is, you want the pipe to be submerged into the water; but be careful, too much water will make the water flow into your hose. As far on know 'how much' water to add, its really trial and error until you know your hookah. Too much makes the water flow into the hose, and not enough will make it so you won't be able to take a proper hit.

    and Ashley,

    Make sure your coal is COMPLETELY lit (e.x. no black, and a thin layer of ash/burning red in the middle). Also, make sure to place the coal on the edges of the bowl rather than the direct center of it to keep it from burning too harsh. When you begin to smoke and it does feel harsh/poor tasting, you can try a few things.
    1. Move the coal around to prevent it from burning too much in one place (I usually switch sides of the coal every 20mins or so)
    2. Blow into the hose in order to clear out the stem, it won't do any damage to the hookah itself or the tobacco.

    Hope some of this helps Smile
  • I'm looking for any tips on how to reduce the amount of ash from my coals. I use foil and poke a sufficient amount of small holes (not too large) and I find that everytime I smoke I have to remove the bowl and blow out the ash from the bottom. When I smoke at my local Hookah Bar I haven't experienced this. Is there a trick to the trade??
  • Can a regular Bic (7-11, fas-mart) lighter be used to light the natural lemonwood charcoals? if not, can you use regular fire such as a fire from a BBQ grill. obviously not those BBQ coals to smoke hookah with. but use their fire to light the lemon wood?
  • Electric single burners work great. This is what I use all the time, even in places where there is an exposed element (as opposed to glass) stove present, like mine: because then I don't have to deal with ash falling down into the stove. With the freestanding burner, after I'm done and it's cooled off, I can just shake the ash out into the garbage.

    BBQ coals, even natural wood ones, don't really work that well. I tried this once when I was going to a camping event and left home without my hookah coals! We went to a Wal-Mart and got some natural wood BBQ coals. It never really worked right - took forever to light up, and then they were *too* hot. Those are really designed for BBQ's, not hookah. They will *sort of* work, but I would only use them when absolutely nothing else is available. You're much better off getting coals designed for hookah.

    Torch lighters aren't really enough to light non-self-lighting coals. You would be standing there a LONG time, LOL! A propane torch or propane burner will work, if you don't have access to electric. You can use regular fire, but you may have a hard time getting the coals back out of the fire, as it will be really hot.
  • I just ordered my first Nammor Hookah, and I'm pretty sure I'm having some operator error in terms of the quality of my smoke.

    I'm packing my bowl loosely with flavored Romman shishah.  I make sure to not pack it all the way to the top of the bowl, and I'm using the screen with larger holes that arrived with the hookah.  My smoke is thick, but the flavor is almost non-existent.  My shishah seems to be in good shape.  I bought it less than a month ago, store it in an air-tight container, and it still is wet and sticky.  

    What can I do to improve the intensity of the flavor of the shisha?  The flavor lacks so much that when someone smoked my hookah, they thought it was unflavored.  :-(
  • Hey crystal make sure that you have the water
    level at the correct level and use very cold water. I am pretty new at this myself and just went through the same issue. You might want to try using different brands of shisha until u find a flavor that tickles ur taste buds. Trying all the different flavors is what makes it so fun. Another thing u might want to try is puting some juice in ur base and a little milk this will make your fruit shisha creamy. But remember this what ever u put in your hook has to come back out and milk is not fun to get back out but it does taste awesome and produces exelent thick smoke
    I hope that helps....JABBA
  • When I smoke my hooka its works great for the first bowl after that the bowl pops off the rubber seal and won't stay on after that its a ceramic bowl and there is often a lot of liquid in and around the inside of the bowl and around the rubber stopper that it sits on how can I fix this?
  • Hello, I have coca Nora natural coals. I light them on my Electirc stove top ( kind of old school) as directed, but when I am smoking the bottom and top of the burning coal keeps going black in the center. I do not fill the bowl completely full as directed. So, how can I keep a nice hot burning coal with out having to run outside and blow on it every so often. Please email me.
    • Jacob,
      If you heat it up long enough, then it shouldn't go black. I allow my coco-nara coals to get red hot all around. I make sure that when it is on the stove, that I rotate it every few minutes so that it gets heated from all sides and gets down to the inner part of the charcoal. The inner part of your hookah charcoal should always be the last part that gets black (or colder) than anything else. It could just be that you aren't letting it heat up long enough.
  • i have a problem with wood coals....i try to heat the wood coals (10min) on stovetop but the wood chips lite but do not stay lit or hot enough to burn tobacco.  how do i fix this problem or do i need to light the wood chips longer?
  • I'm having a real problem keeping my charcoal at a high temp. I start my charcoal and leave it for at least 30 mins until its glowing hot then i transfer a few pieces to my hookah and begin smoking, but the problem i'm faced with is that after only about 10 mins the charcoals seem to have lost  all it's heat and im getting barely any smoke through the hookah.
  • Hey Dustin,
    Try squeezing out the shish tobacco to remove some of the moisture, this should help a little. You could also wrap a little strip of tissue around the rubber seal (grommet) that will help with the ceramic bowl keeping its grip on the rubber seal (grommet).

    Hope this helps.
  • I was wondering if it is bad to underpack the hookah bowl will it change the smoke and flavor?I am getting really frustrated my hookah is constantly rough and has thin smoke. If i put my coals on the very side its not rough but has minimum smoke. Or if i put them close to the middle it gets really rough with minimum smoke is it because of the way i pack the bowl???
    please help... thankyou
  • So I bought natural coconut coals, and for some reason they are not creating the normal smoke effect. I heat them until they are red hot in the middle with grey ash on the outside. Is there something wrong with my hookah or am I lighting the coals wrong? Please help, I don't want to say that I've wasted ten dollars.
  • asa
    Make sure that you are using a couple of coals. My hookah from social smoke takes 2 coals with a wind screen and 3 without. This is with coconara's and social smoke shisha. I get them decently lit just to the point where the whole coal has started to turn red and I get between 45 minutes to an hour out of a set of coals. I pack my bowl almost to the foil so when the foil data a little bit its still not quite touching it and every ten minutes or so I remove a coal to keep the tobacco from burning. Depending on the brand of coals you got you may need more. I joyful cheap coals that were coconut once and three coals would last about a half hour and it was super thin almost flavorless smoke. Remember that heat management and how you pack the bowl as well as the products that you are using and the amount of water in your hookah are all contributing factors to the quality of your smoke. Oh yeah and the amount and size of holes in your foil Smile hope this helps!
  • HI Hookah Seaher,

    I recently smoke Hookah with a buddy of mine and we smoked with the coals half lite. Im just wondering if that's a bad thing?
    • Hi Carlos! It's not bad, but half lit coals will not properly heat the shisha the same way that a fully lit coal would. If they are natural coals, just leave them on the burner longer next time. If they are still not lighting, you may have a bad batch. If you got them from us, contact our customer service department and we'll help you out!
  • I believe you confused your temperature units, I had a thermocouple in my bowl the other day embedded in the sheisha and max temp reached 160 Celcius, which is 330 Fahrenheit. i was using wood coals and i watched the temperature drop as i drew on the hookah. which is opposite of what you said would happen. the temperature did not increase as you said then return to a resting temperature. instead it dropped about 5-7 degrees from a resting point and then slowly climbed back up to that point. my bowl reaches max temperature at the second set of coals. the first bowl and the first pack always seems to be shortlived and goes bad really fast. but every bowl after that is fine. that must mean a hot bowl from the start is important.
  • *** Kinda new to my hooka...... How do you know when the shesha is done burning and the hooka is done?
    • You'll know that your session is over when the smoke output starts to diminish. Additionally, some shisha will burn faster, or lose flavor before then. It's really up to you when you decide to terminate your session!
  • Hey guys! If u want a truly great head and don't want to worry about the heat or ur bowl here's a few things me and my friends do as we grew up with a hookah being there in a traditional fashion.
    1. Take the tobacco out of the container and onto a paper towel
    2. Take some of the juice out/ dry the tobacco out a little
    3. With scissors or a knife chop the tobacco up finer and take out any stems
    4. Fluff it out with ur finger and pack it I to a bowl leaving some space down from the rim
    5. The foil should be composed of 3 layers and held tight around the bowl
    6. As ur holding the foil tightly proceed to poke the holes as close to the edge and u can
    The holes around the out side provide for better air flow as well at the finer tobacco because the hear will flow right through ( been tested many times)
    After the out side rim poke one in the middle and get enough holes that arnt to big, a sowing needle is ur best bet.
    7. Suck through the bottom of the bowl, if the flow is smooth the head is right, if it feels tight or the foil starts to get sucked in, add more holes...
    8. The water in the case shouldn't be more than 1in to 1.5in above the stem
    And on average the bowl should last u 2hrs easy
  • I'm having issues with clouds I'm getting very weak clouds is it due to my two coals natural coconut not being fully lit? Under packing/ over packing my vortex or ceramic bowl? Too much water in the base? Do I need new hoses??any help will be appreciated